This article is a brief introduction to therapeutic cannabis, the physiological responses to its use, as well as its effects and the therapeutic applications attributed to it.
Therapeutic cannabis is a field that is currently in full development. It is one of the objects of study of many scientists due to the great medicinal potential attributed to cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids are in marijuana and the most famous are Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly known as THC, and cannabidiol or CBD. When we refer to the therapeutic effects of marijuana, cannabidiol or CBD is the main culprit. These therapeutic effects are due to the interaction of cannabinoids with the cannabinoid receptors of our body. And this interaction affects specifically to our neurotransmitter system, immune system and endocrine system.
All these processes are complicated and require basic scientific knowledge, so we will just expose the physiological responses that marijuana produces and its therapeutic applications. For more information there are countless studies and scientific articles.
Some of the physiological responses produced by the consumption of cannabinoids are:
1. Change in mood: energizing, sedative, relaxing effects....
2. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.
3. Increases appetite and reduces nausea and vomiting.
4. Intraocular pressure decreases, therefore, its possible applications for the treatment of glaucoma are being studied.
6. Antiproliferative: prevents cell reproduction, so it is a great basis for the study of its application in oncology.
7. Immunomodulator: increases and decreases the ability of the immune system to perform its functions.
8. Neuroendocrine effects related to sexual hormones and those involved in the stress response.
10. Effects on muscle tone and motor coordination
Researchers have conducted studies that have shown that the use of cannabinoids is a good way to treat some diseases and alleviate certain symptoms for which there is currently no effective drug treatment. The more research is done into the possible medical applications of cannabinoids, the wider the field of study grows. There are currently certain therapeutic indications in which a favorable effect of cannabinoids has already been proven:
1. Analgesic: cannabinoids help to combat pain because they have an antinociceptive action caused mainly by the CB1 receptor. It is proven that cannabinoids have an analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity and are effective against postoperative pain, neurological pain of diseases such as multiple sclerosis, HIV, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, migraines or dysmenorrhea.
2. Antiemetic: helps against nausea and vomiting caused by treatments such as chemotherapy or the side effects of some medications.
3. Anti-spasticity: relaxes the muscles and is a good alternative in spastic disorders and symptoms of some diseases such as Huntington's, multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injuries.
4. Anorexia-Cachexia Syndrome: The use of cannabinoids stimulates the appetite, reduces nausea and helps with weight gain, making it a viable treatment for these types of syndromes, usually caused by HIV or terminal cancer.
The therapeutic effects of cannabinoids on diseases such as glaucoma, chronic intestinal inflammation, anxiety, depression, certain addictions and cancer continue to be studied. This latter pathology is being investigated by scientists as cannabinoids may play an important role in inhibiting the growth of certain tumors.
Cannabinoids are an expanding field of study. It needs to be investigated as could bring great advance to the world of science and medicine. It would help many people who cannot benefit from current treatments and would have a viable therapeutic alternative which help them in their daily lives and increase their quality of life.
So, you know, open your mind and don't let prejudices keep you from taking advantage of the wonderful properties of this plant.
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