Can decentralisation tackle environmental problems? While most environmental programmes are focused on global action, a lot can be done at local level.
In the early 1990s, inspired by a need to overturn the legacy of apartheid, some Namibian politicans and civil servants decided to do something unusual.
In 1996 they gave effective ownership of wildlife to the people of rural Namibia, rather than the usual model of national control.
This Community Based Natural Resources Management model allowed them to strike deals with tourism operators, and manage their own wildlife, with oversight from the national government. It has been a huge success, with almost half of the "communal areas"? (where most Namibian population lives) under this form of management and substantial growth in wildlife populations.
Category: Climate/natural disasters